Nature Recovery Action Plan

The Nature Recovery Action Plan sets out how Wales will address the Convention on Biological Diversity's Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the associated Aichi biodiversity targets in Wales. The Nature Recovery Action Plan will identify actions that can be delivered in the short term and set a course to deliver longer term commitments beyond 2020. The actions in the Plan will be kept under regular review, ensuring they continue to meet objectives and achieve the ambition of nature recovery in Wales. A set of indicators will also be developed to measure the progress of the Nature Recovery Action Plan against objectives. To accompany the plan, a Nature Recovery Framework will set out the roles and responsibilities of the key players for delivery of action for biodiversity in Wales, and how they are linked together.

The Nature Recovery Action Plan links to and complements The Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015 and the Environment Act (Wales) 2016.

The Nature Recovery Action Plan consists of three parts:

Part 1: Sets out the position with regard to biodiversity in Wales, the issues that need to addressed, and guiding policies.

Part 2: Sets out actions which have been specifically identified to support biodiversity, over and above but contributing to the delivery of the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in Wales.

Part 3: The Nature Recovery Framework is under development and will show the roles and responsibilities of the key players for delivery of action for biodiversity in Wales, as well as how they will fit into the delivery framework for the Well-being of Future Generations Act and the Environment (Wales) Act.

A number of objectives have been identified to address the issues that are driving the decline in biodiversity, and to support recovery:

  • Engage and support participation and understanding to embed biodiversity throughout decision making at all levels;
  • Safeguard species and habitats of principal importance and improve their management. Including the requirement on Welsh Ministers to prepare and publish a list of the living organisms and types of habitat which are of principal importance for the purpose of maintaining and enhancing biodiversity in Wales;
  • Increase the resilience of our natural environment by restoring degraded habitats and habitat creation;
  • Tackle key pressures on species and habitats;
  • Improve our evidence, understanding and monitoring; and,
  • Put in place a framework of governance and support for delivery

The Nature Recovery Action Plan was launched in December 2015. If you would like a copy of Part 1 and 2 please email

red squirrel

Bluebells Tom Marshal


Nature Recovery Action Plan Implementation Group

The Nature Recovery Action Plan (NRAP) Implementation Group steers and drives the delivery and implementation of the NRAP at a local and national level. The group takes a collaborative approach to delivery and has a wide range of membership from Welsh Government, Natural Resources Wales, JNCC, Nature Conservation Organisations, the farming sector and other public and private sector organisations.

The implementation group is currently reviewing and updating the NRAP Part II (Our Action Plan).

A series of groups take forward specific tasks and priorities set by the NRAP Implementation Group. These currently include:

  • Biodiversity and Ecosystem Evidence and Research Needs Programme
  • Ecosystem Resilience and Restoration Group
  • Planning and Biodiversity Forum
  • Section 6 guidance Group
  • Section 7 group (an internal NRW group taking forward the development of the list criteria)
  • WBP Conference Group
  • WBP Invasive Non-native Species Group

Migneit area Image © IUCN

Restoring active blanket bog in the Berwyn and Migneint Special Areas of Conservation in Wales

The Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains and Migneint-Arenig-Dduallt SACs contain the two largest areas of blanket bog in Wales.

Although large areas of blanket bog still occur in Wales, the majority have been seriously degraded through afforestation, encroachment by alien species (such as Rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum and Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis), over grazing, drainage, and either deliberate or accidental burning. During the 5 years of the LIFE Blanket Bog in Wales project, significant and sustained improvement in the condition of blanket bogs in key areas of two SACs in North Wales was achieved.

Migneint RSPB

In addition to improving biodiversity, blanket bog restoration provides a large number of additional benefits. These include improving water quality, reducing run-off rates which may impact on lowland flooding, farming, carbon storage and sequestration, education and recreation.

The 56 month project covered an area of 84 square kilometers and LIFE funding ended on March 31st 2011, with the majority of £3m project funding (75%) secured from the EU LIFE-Nature programme. Work is ongoing and future will be reliant on local land management funds and landscape scale project funding.

The project was a partnership led by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, with support from statutory agencies and local landowners.

Celebrating Success

Celebrating Success: Collaborative action for nature in Wales

Local partnerships for nature operate in all areas of Wales and provide a focus for delivering the Nature Recovery Plan objectives and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources at the local level as well as contributing to many of the Well-being of Future Generations goals. These case studies provide a snapshot of the diversity of projects and the range of partners involved with local action for nature in Wales.

Celebrating Success: Collaborative action for nature in Wales

Species in Wales

Amphibians & Reptiles



Terrestrial Mammals



Helping Wildlife

Wildlife Gardening